August 22nd 2016 was one of the dark days in history of Pakistan after December 16th 1971. The day when anti Pakistan slogans were chanted by a leader and followers of a party Muttahida Qaumi Movement which has been representing urban Sind majority in senate, national and provincial assemblies for three decades.
MQM was also a part of government of a military dictator General Pervez Musharaf. When MQM won seats from Karachi, Hyderabad and Mirpurkhas first time in general elections of 1988, it was a major upset because before that time urban Sind was represented by Pakistan Peoples Party, Jamat-e-Islami and Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Noorani) in national and provincial assemblies.
It was first time since independence that a huge number of middle class people reached in assemblies. The victory of MQM was assumed a threat to ruling, feudal, religious and military elite of Pakistan. The party was arisen as sole representative of Urdu speaking community who migrated from different parts of India after partition of subcontinent.
At the time of formation of party the name was Mohajir Qaumi Movement. After four years of first victory in general elections the party was down on its luck. A military operation was started on June 19th 1992 against MQM.
A number of elected representatives, leaders and workers of MQM were arrested by LEAs. According to law and enforcement agencies they discovered a number of torture cells, weapons and a map of a desired state of MQM, Jinnahpur.
MQM was blamed for its connections with Indian intelligence agency RAW. On April 18th 1993 president Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved Nawaz Sharif government, after that Benazir Bhutto was elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
MQM boycotted the 1993 national assembly elections but participated in the poll for provincial assembly. According to MQM point of view some workers killed extra judicially in second tenure of Benazir Bhutto.
On November 6th 1996 president Leghari dissolved Benazi government by using powers under article 58(2B). The Mohajir Qaumi Movement changed its official name to Muttahida Qaumi Movement to show that MQM is not only a Mohajir nationalist party and doors are open for all communities.
MQM also proved itself a party of all communities by providing party tickets to non Mohajirs in senate, national and provincial assemblies, Mian Atique, Barrister Saif, Nisar Panwar, Nabeel Gabol, Ashfaq mangi etc are obvious examples.
Once again MQM won the seats of national and provincial assemblies with a clear majority in 1997 general elections. PML (N) formed the government and Nawaz Sharif was elected as Prime Minister.
After military coup by Pervez Musharaf MQM participated in 2002 general elections and won the contest in all constituencies which were popularly known as MQM constituencies.
MQM was a strong ally of Musharaf government. The lady luck smiled on MQM. Musharaf tenure was an era of power for MQM.
The city of Karachi was developed unprecedentedly during Musharaf tenure because of a team work between local, provincial and federal government. After Musharaf during PPP and PML (N) tenure MQM was unable to get as strong position as it was in Musharaf era.
From 2013 general elections to till yet MQM is facing crisis. Party headquarter was raided by LEAs personnel, number of workers were arrested, some of them allegedly disappeared forcibly. The henchmen of MQM leader left the party and formed a new party named Pak Sarzameen Party.
In August 2016 MQM observed a hunger strike to protest against allegedly extra-judicial killings and enforced disappearances of its workers at Karachi press club, on that occasion MQM leader addressed from London and chanted anti Pakistan slogans.
No doubt it was a very bad day, grieves and sorrows were felt by every patriot. We must have to think about the situation under those slogans were chanted, thousands of workers were killed, many enforced disappearances, raids, deaths of workers under LEAs custody, these all factors were enough to create a severe stress among the effected families and party leadership.
Yes this is not a justification for chanting anti Pakistan slogans but we as a nation should learn lessons from history think positively about these issues and try to allay inferior complex of a community who migrated from Muslim minority provinces of subcontinent after partition. After saying sorry if a leader with his followers wants to say Pkistan Zindabad, let them say because better late than never.