Now violence against women is well recognized as a human rights and public health problem. It is one of the most perceptive violations of human rights in the world; one of the slightest prosecuted crimes, and one of the greatest menaces to long-lasting peace and development. It is a crucial factor for women’s ill health, both physical and mental health.
In Pakistan women live in a strict religious, social and cultural structure, family and tribal customs which are fundamentally force them to live in meekness and overall fear. In a Islamic nation where Islamic laws prescribes traditional family values and is entangled in the legal system, Pakistan’s Government, society and law make a distinction against women and close the eyes to gender- based violence.
Under the international law Pakistan has yet to amalgamate many of the Women’s Convention’s to promote women’s rights includes campaign called 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence that terminates on Human Rights Day.
Pakistani society encompasses religious and cultural norms towards women which are subjected to inequity, violence and fierceness on daily bases. The interpretation of Islam in Pakistan views women as needing protection, basically which results in their repression physically, mentally, and emotionally.
In the homes Gender-based violence impacts on the social, mental and physical growth of children, violence at workplace cut back the efficiency and output of the women, and all forms of women violence thwart them from chip in their contribution to the economy and services.
Besides the visible violence some instances of invisible violence are greater in number and cause greater havoc. Including destruction of girl’s schools, denial of jobs on merit and equal pay for equal work, child marriage; restriction on women’s mobility; preventing girls from getting education; forced marriage and tendering of girls to resolve feuds (winne) are common examples of non-visible violence.
Women are likely to live in “char Divari” literally mean “the four walls of the house”. Patriarchy system embraces the Pakistani society in which all the powers in the hands of men, in which he is decision maker in all matters including marriage and divorce as well.
According to the report by Human rights Commission of Pakistan (2015), the numbers of women that have been victim of sexual violence, 143 attacked with acid or were set on fire, 279 of domestic violence and 833 women kidnapped. 777 women had committed or tried to commit suicide. The data of HRCP also recorded 987 cases of honor killing with female victims.1,974 in the age groups of 11-14 became the victim of child abuse in 2015.
Male supremacy and co modification make liable women to violence and furiousness on daily basis in Pakistan. Near about seventy percent to ninety percent (70%-90%) of Pakistani women are victim to domestic violence. Spousal abuse including marital rape, honor killing, being burned by in-laws for dowry, acid attacks and rape/gang rape are typical violent acts. The number of women assassination has gone up for giving birth to a girl. Few days ago a man has reported to thrown acid on his wife’s face for delivering a baby girl. In Pakistan, rape happens every two hours with one in every, 12,500 women being victims of rape. A non official count 5,151 women have become victim of violence in the region of Punjab alone during few recently passed years– among them 774 killed, 427 driven to suicide ,217 were killed on the name of honor, 706 raped and 1,569 abducted that is truly alarming.
As our society is reactionary society which has a consideration that woman’s actions reflects upon the honor of a family especially the honor of a man, that’s why women are likely to be killed in the name of honor. Therefore, to restore their honor they must killed a woman or girl on the name of honor, especially male member deem to be the action as “dishonorable” and the decision is taken by her family and tribe. Many women have been killed due to unsubstantiated rumour that has been spread over the society or community. Many men are less likely to give the benefit of the doubt to women, or hassle to find out her of the side story. Most of the young girls are killed because of the mere accusation of having sexual intercourse before marriage, and have been determine to be virgins during autopsy.
In Pakistan this senseless violence is irrupting to women. Although the patriarchal, cultural and social and tribal traditions exacerbate violence against women. Ultimately to protect women from this kind of violence’s is the responsibility of Government of Pakistan and to prosecute those offenders, wrongdoers and convicts who commit these atrocious heinousness’s. Government should be answerable for the accountability of these atrocities.
Regrettably, in Pakistan the matter of violence against women still treated largely in terms of the losses and sufferings caused to the sufferer or victim and their families instead as the losses to the community.
Government and civil society both should be work on realistic initiatives for women’s empowerment not to be content with lamenting the extent of violence against women.
It should be ensure to give equal opportunity of education, health, economic rights and freedom of decision-making and as well as freedom of choice to the women. So long, there should be the need of social revolution, which do not realize by state or society yet to demolition of feudal tyranny and patriarchal structure of our Pakistani society.